Hemorrhoids are pillow-like clumps of veins lying just below the mucous membranes covering the lowest part of the anus and the rectum. This condition develops when veins swell and become distended.
How long do Hemorrhoids last?
Most hemorrhoids vanish without any intervention after a few days. However, others may be blocked by a thrombus and will call for surgical intervention to get rid of the clotted blood. Others may still persist, getting more painful and hard daily. These will call for more invasive treatments. The length of time that hemorrhoids take to fade depends on two things: natural recovery time and recovery time when under medication.
Natural Recovery Time
- Depends on the hemorrhoids – Most hemorrhoids will last for about 3-4 days when no medication is used. However, more severe hemorrhoids can last for many weeks before they can finally disappear. Studies have shown that people who have suffered from this condition in the past are more vulnerable, and thus may develop the condition in the future.
- Depends on time of occurrence – Those people who are experiencing hemorrhoid for the first time have a lower risk of the condition reoccurring. On the hand, those who have suffered from this condition more than twice, are more likely to be attacked again in the future. Obese, pregnant and those people who participate in anal sex are more vulnerable to this condition. The worst part is that the condition may take long before it finally fades away.
Recovery time when using medication
The type of treatment used after consulting a doctor has a great impact on the time that the hemorrhoid will take to fade away.
- Ligation treatment will typically take seven to days to completely heal a hemorrhoid.
- The use of infrared device to clot the blood will take approximately three to four weeks to eliminate the hemorrhoid.
- Surgical procedures used to eliminate hemorrhoids, on the other hand, may take many weeks to completely manage the condition.
Types of Hemorrhoids
There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external hemorrhoids.
These hemorrhoids lie far inside the rectum and can barely be seen or felt. They do not normally hurt because rectum has few pain-sensing nerves. Bleeding is the only indication that they are there. In some rare instances, the internal hemorrhoids may protrude outside the anus and thus they can be felt or seen.
Protruded hemorrhoids are painful since they are rubbed by sitting and clothing. Normally, they will recede back into the rectum on their own, but when this is not forthcoming, they can be pushed back.
These hemorrhoids lie in the anus and are very uncomfortable. Sometimes in the course of passing stool, an external hemorrhoid may prolapse. When this happens, you can easily feel and see them.
Sometimes the prolapsed hemorrhoid becomes clotted with blood. This causes a painful condition referred to as thrombosis. No matter how bad they may appear, a thrombosed hemorrhoid is not much painful and will usually resolve after a week. However, if the pain becomes unbearable, one has to be subjected to surgery to stop the pain.
Causes of hemorrhoids
Anyone, irrespective of age, can suffer from hemorrhoids. However, there are more prevalent during pregnancy and in elderly people. The weak veins that usually results in hemorrhoids can be inherited.
Hemorrhoids can be brought about by extreme abdominal pressure. This pressure makes the veins to swell and become vulnerable to irritation. Pregnancies, obesity, straining too much in the toilet, sitting or standing for long periods, vomiting, sneezing and coughing are some of the things than brings about this pressure.
In as much as diet has a pivotal role in preventing hemorrhoids, it can also cause them! Unlike those people who eat food with high fiber content, people who consume processed foods are much more vulnerable to this condition.
Taking food with low fiber content or not taking enough fluids can bring about constipation. And since constipation results in passing of hard stools, it irritates the swollen veins thus causing hemorrhoids.
Treatment of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoid can be treated using both natural remedies and modern treatments.
- Witch hazel – This is usually applied three times a day using an aseptic cotton pad. It helps to reduce bleeding, pain, and swelling.
- Aloe Vera – This is used to ease pain in the skin. The gel is applied to the hemorrhoid to decrease the burning sensation associated with this condition.
- Horse Chestnut – Consuming capsules of horse chestnuts or sipping its tea plays a role in reducing this condition. However, those allergic to this product should not consume it.
- Triphala – This is an herb that is usually applied as a bowel tonic or an ointment to ease constipation frequently caused by hemorrhoids.
- Self-made tea – As the name sounds; you can prepare yourself this tea on your own. You will need boiling water, fenugreek seeds, and either honey or sugar. For best results, it is advisable that you consume it thrice a day.
- Self-made Balm – By creating a balm of goldenseal root, myrrh, white oak and bayberry, you will be one step ahead as far as treatment of hemorrhoid is concerned.
If the natural remedies are not helping, one needs to go for modern treatment. They are normally administered by doctors, and they may suggest the following procedures:
- Injection – Injection is normally used to eliminate internal hemorrhoids. A person is given an injection of a solution that will close off the hemorrhoid. This method is no much painful.
- Banding – This method employs the use of rubber ligation to get rid of hemorrhoids. The use of this option will see the hemorrhoid shrivel and fall off in just a week.
- Coagulation – This involves the use of an electric probe, a tiny burn, an infrared light and a laser beam to make the hemorrhoid shrink.
- Surgery – This process is ideal for extremely uncomfortable hemorrhoids and is usually administered by qualified professionals.