When it comes to discussing the causes and treatments of various skin problems, there are plenty of crucial aspects that need to be taken into consideration. Acne is a common problem that affects millions of individuals of all ages. It refers to a plethora of skin issues that include blackheads and whiteheads, pimples, plugged pores, and cysts that happen deep underneath the skin. Although majority of the teenagers get affected by this problem, but for some people, it does not go away even after the teenage years are over. Acne may not pose serious health risks, but it can have several negative implications, in terms of low self-esteem, permanent scarring, and concern over the appearance. Moreover, it can take years of treatment to get rid of it.
Whiteheads and blackheads are referred to be the simplest and smallest of all acne lesions. These are follicles that get blocked with tiny ingrown hairs, dead skin cells, dirt and oil, and bacteria. Blackheads have dark appearance, because of the fact that follicle is open and the plug is detectable. Once the follicle covers the plug, it tends to adopt skin color, or looks like a small bump. This can be called as a whitehead. They should not be lanced or popped, unless done by a professional. You can use blackhead-removal tools that are available in the market, which include pore cleaning strips and small devices that utilize suction.
The most commonly occurring lesion in acne is known as the pustule, which is commonly known as pimple. This is usually a bump that is covered under a thin layer of skin and has a white head. The white dome results mainly due to dead skin cells, pus built up under a layer of skin, and bacteria. This is often considered to be the beginning stage of an acne cyst. If pimple heals before reaching cyst stage, it usually doesn’t undergo scarring. Dermatologists strongly advise against lancing and popping pimples, mainly because of the fact that it could introduce new bacteria into the lesion, thereby causing infections or scarring.
As far as the most severe forms of acne are concerned, cysts and nodules are prominent. Without having a white head of a pimple, nodules are large bumps that have reddish appearance. The reason they are difficult to treat is because they extend deep into the skin. As they extend into lower layers of the skin, they can lead to scarring and inflict permanent damage to the skin, even if they heal properly. Cysts are similar to the nodules, except for the fact that cysts contain other materials, like dead blood cells. In addition to the fact that both forms are painful, they can be extremely sensitive to the touch. While cysts are rare, nodules may occur with occasional breakouts.
With that said, in the remaining part of the article, you would be able to find out 10 easy tips concerning acne treatment:
Cleaning your Skin:
- Cleaning your skin is one of the most important steps to get rid of acne. Clean your neck, face, chest, and upper back by using a mild, fragrance-free skin cleanser two times a day. Make sure to avoid using deodorant or harsh soaps that contain chemicals, as they may contribute to the severity of acne.
- You should wash your skin using your hands rather than with a cloth, as it could enhance the acne problemby abrading the skin.
- Don’t wash your skin too often and scrub it harshly. Despite the fact that cleansing does help in getting rid of dead skin cells and excess oils from skin pores, frequent washing may intensify acne by over-drying your skin.
- It is crucial to wash your hair on regular basis to avoid hairspray, oil, or other similar products from blocking your skin pores. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends shampooing on daily basis for people having oily hair.
Facilitate Natural Clearing:
- Don’t squeeze or pick pimples, as it can irritate skin and enhance the possibility of causing additional pimples. Squeezing pimples may lead to a severe infection of your skin, which could potentially lead to acne scars. Human body has the ability to naturally heal mild to moderate acne problems.
- Use tropical tea tree oil to clear your skin and avoid further breakouts. According to health experts, tea tree oil contains natural antibacterial chemicals that can decrease the number of pimples on the skin.
- Take steps to reduce friction in acne-prone areas. The friction produced by a hat, goggles, helmet, or athletic gear could delay acne healing and cause the development of new pimples. If you have to wear clothing that causes friction, make sure to remove it immediately after your activity ends.
- Avoid using astringent products which contain alcohol. As these products can contribute towards excessive drying of skin, these products may lead to enhanced oil production and frequent breakouts.
Clear your Pores:
- Make sure to avoid using sunscreens or cosmetics that contain oil, as the use of these products could block your pores and aggravate acne. Use products which are labelled as non-comedogenic or oil-free.
- Washing your face with a gentle cleanser is important if your working environment contains a lot of dirt, dust, or grease.
- Don’t touch areas that are prone to acne with your hands, as it would help protect the transfer of irritating and harmful elements to your skin.